uhlelo lwesikole eCanada

Luyini uhlelo lwesikole eCanada?

ICanada ingelinye lamazwe afunde kakhulu emhlabeni. Ngo-2015, amaphesenti angama-90 abantu baseCanada abaneminyaka engama-25 kuya kwengama-64 baphothule isikole samabanga aphezulu, kanti abangama-66% bathole imfundo yamabanga aphezulu.

ICanada inohlelo oluqinile noluphethwe kahle lwemfundo yomphakathi. Ngenxa yalokho, ezinye izici zohlelo lwemfundo kuCanada zingahluka phakathi kwezifundazwe. Kodwa-ke, njengoba uhlelo lwemfundo luphethwe uhulumeni wobumbano weCanada, izinga lemfundo lihlala liphezulu kulo lonke izwe. Kukho konke ngohlelo lweSikole nolwefundo eCanada kuhle futhi kungabizi.

Uhlelo lwesikole eCanada

Kunohlelo lwemfundo yomphakathi kanye nezimele eCanada. Uhulumeni waseCanada uxhasa ngemfundo kusukela enkulisa kuya ezingeni langemva kwesekondari, futhi usebenzisa ngokwesilinganiso cishe u-6% we-GDP yakhe kwezemfundo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi iCanada isebenzisa imali eningi ngokulinganayo kwezemfundo kunesilinganiso samazwe e-OECD.

Funda kabanzi ngezansi, phawula, noma Xhumana nathi uma unemibuzo.

Ngokujwayelekile, uhlelo lwemfundo luhlukaniswe izigaba ezintathu:

  • Okuyinhloko
  • Secondary
  • Post-sekondari

Imfundo yangasese nezinye izinhlelo zesikole - ngokwesibonelo, izikole zenkolo - nazo zitholakala kuwo womathathu amazinga.

Ezemfundo eCanada zitholakala ezinganeni ngonyaka ezifika ngawo ezinhlanu (ngaphandle kwase-Ontario naseQuebec, lapho izingane zingase ziqale khona unyaka ngaphambili). Ngokuya esifundazweni, i-kindergarten ingahle ikhetheke. Ithebula elingezansi likhombisa, ngokuvamile, iminyaka phakathi kwezingane ezifanele ukuya esikoleni (qaphela ukuthi izidingo zingahluka ngokufunda isikole, okusemthethweni ezweni lonke laseCanada).

isifundazweIminyaka yemfundo ephoqelelwe
I-AlbertaIsithupha kuya kwengu-16
British ColumbiaIsithupha kuya kwengu-16
ManitobaIsikhombisa kuya ku-18
New BrunswickKuhlanu kuya ku-18
ENewfoundlandIsithupha kuya kwengu-16
I-Northwest TerritoriesKuhlanu kuya ku-18
Nova ScotiaKuhlanu kuya ku-16
OntarioIsithupha kuya kwengu-18
I-Prince Edward IslandKuhlanu kuya ku-16
QuebecIsithupha kuya kwengu-16
SaskatchewanIsikhombisa kuya ku-16
YukonIsithupha kuya kwengu-16

Imfundo yamabanga aphansi

Yaziwa nangokuthi isikole samabanga aphansi, leli zinga ligijima lisuka eKindergarten noma kwaGrade 1 (abaneminyaka eyisithupha kuya kwayisikhombisa) futhi lidlulela kwaGrade 8 (abaneminyaka eyi-13 kuye kwayi-14). Unyaka wesikole uvame ukuqala ngoSepthemba kuya kuJuni olandelayo.

Imfundo yesibili

Ezemfundo Yesekondari nayo eyaziwa njengesikole samabanga aphezulu, kuleli zinga iqala kwaGrade 9 (iminyaka eyi-14 kuye ku-15) iye kwaGrade 12 (iminyaka yobudala eyi-17 kuye kweli-18). I-Ontario ineBanga le-12 +. Abafundi bafunda esikoleni esiphakeme kuze kube iminyaka engu-16. Ikolishi elixhaswa nguhulumeni ngeminyaka emibili lapho abafundi bengaphishekela idiploma yokulungiselela eyunivesithi.

Ezasemuva Kwezemfundo Yesibili

ICanada inenethiwekhi ebanzi yamakholishi neyunivesithi, enikeza uhlelo oluhle kakhulu lwasemva kwesekondari emhlabeni wonke.

ICanada inezinhlelo eziningi zamanyuvesi zomhlaba jikelele ezitholakala ezindaweni zombili zasemadolobheni nezasemaphandleni esizweni sonke. Amadili anikezwe avela emayunivesithi aseCanada aqashelwa alingana nalawo avela kwamanye amanyunivesithi emhlabeni jikelele.

Unyaka weyunivesithi ikakhulukazi uqala ngoSepthemba kuya ku-Ephreli noma ngoMeyi futhi wakhiwe ngamabili noma imigqa emibili. Izikhungo zangemva kwesekondari zinganikeza inketho yokuthatha izifundo zonyaka wesithathu phakathi nezinyanga zasehlobo.

Imfundo ngesiNgisi nangesiFulentshi

Abafundi abaningi bamazwe angakhetha ukufunda ngolunye lwezilimi ezimbili ezisemthethweni eCanada. Ezinye izikhungo zinganikela ngemfundo ngezilimi ezimbili noma ngaphezulu, yize abafundi bengeyona into elula ukuba bazazi kahle zombili izilimi ukuze baye esikoleni kunoma yiliphi izinga eCanada.

Ngaphesheya kweCanada, ulimi oluyisisekelo lwemfundo yezinga lesikole isiNgisi. Kodwa-ke, imfundo yezilimi zaseFrance iyatholakala ezweni lonke. Ulimi oluyinhloko lokufundisa, isiFulentshi noma isiNgisi njengolimi lwesibili ngokuvamile lufundiswa kusukela kusencane.

Kukhona okuhlukile lapho ingane ingathola isitifiketi sokufaneleka ukuthola imfundo ngolimi (isiNgisi):

  •  Umama wengane noma ubaba wenza izifundo zokuqala ngesiNgisi eCanada;
  • Uma izingane zakini, zithole ingxenye enkulu yemiyalo yazo yesikole sokuqala noma yesekondari ngesiNgisi eCanada (uma umama wengane noma ubaba eyisakhamuzi saseCanada);
  •  Umama ongumfundi noma ubaba wakhe waya esikoleni eQuébec ngemuva kuka-Agasti 26, 1977, futhi kungenzeka ukuthi wayefanele ukufundiswa ngesiNgisi ngaleso sikhathi (uma umama wengane noma ubaba eyisakhamuzi saseCanada).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, izingane ezinabazali bazo eziseQuebec okwesikhashana (ngokwesibonelo, imvume yokusebenza noma yokufunda), zingaya esikoleni ngesiNgisi.

Kodwa-ke, lapho abantu abasha eCanada behlala eQuebec, izingane zabo ziyacelwa ukuba ziye esikoleni sikahulumeni eFrance. ngakho-ke lokhu kumayelana nohlelo lwesikole nolwemfundo kuCanada.

Ezinye izinhlobo zokufunda zaseCanada
1. Izikole Zezandla

Abafundi bavame ukunikezwa ithuba lokufunda ikhono lomsebenzi noma ubizo ezikoleni zobuchwepheshe ezisabalele kulo lonke elaseCanada, ngaphezu kwamakholeji omphakathi ahlinzeka ngoqeqesho lomsebenzi. Eminyakeni edlule, izinsizakalo ezinjalo bezingadingi ukuthi abafundi babambe idiploma yesikole esiphakeme, kepha eminyakeni yamuva nje, izinto sezishintshe kakhulu.

 

Izikole zokufundela umsebenzi zikhuthaza abafundi baseCanada ngaphansi komphathi onekhono futhi onolwazi ukuthi bafunde ukuhweba abakuthandayo futhi bathole isipiliyoni sangempela sempilo.

Isebenza kanjani iminyaka yesikole eCanada?

Okungenani iminyaka eyishumi, ukufunda kuzo zonke izifundazwe zaseCanada kuyimpoqo. Imfundo eyimpoqo iqala eneminyaka engu-10 noma eyisithupha eBangeni 5, bese iqeda esikoleni esiphakeme ngesikhathi esithile. Abafundi kumele baye esikoleni kuze kube yiminyaka eyi-6 ezifundazweni eziningi (cishe iBanga le-1).

ECanada, ingabe imfundo yezikole imahhala?

Kuhlelo lwezikole zomphakathi lwaseCanada, ukufunda mahhala kuwo wonke abafundi. Ngokuya ngesifundazwe noma insimu, izingane kufanele ziye esikoleni zize zibe neminyaka eyi-16 noma eyi-18.

ECanada, lusebenza kanjani uhlelo lwenyuvesi?

Iziqu ezintathu zinikelwa ngohlelo lwemfundo lwaseCanada: iziqu ze-bachelor's, master's, kanye ne-doctorate. Wamukelekile, njengomfundi waphesheya, ukuqeda yonke noma ingxenye yemfundo yakho eCanada. Kukhona amanyuvesi kahulumeni nawangasese, njengakwamanye amazwe.

Izikole Ezizimele

ECanada, izikole ezizimele zivame ukuvulwa, okusho ukuthi yizikole ezingakhokhelwa nguhulumeni, futhi kwesinye isikhathi ziza namanani entengo asindayo. Kuyisinqumo somzali nesomfundi ukunquma ukuthi lokhu kungukutshala imali okufanele bakwenze noma cha.

Abanye abazali bazizwa sengathi, ngenxa yezizathu zomuntu siqu, izingane zabo zidinga amakilasi amancane, ukunakwa okukhethekile, noma bafuna ukubathumela esikoleni esithile. Labo abangafisi ukufunda ngesiFulentshi futhi abakwaziyo ukusikhokhela bazohlala bekhetha isikole esizimele eQuebec.

Amakolishi Ezenkolo

Abaningi abafuna ukuthumela izingane zabo ezikoleni zezenkolo zaseCanada kumele, ikakhulukazi, bazithumele ezikhungweni ezizimele ngaphandle kwezikole ezithile zamaKatolika. Kokubili ikharikhulamu ejwayelekile yesikole nezimfundiso zenkolo ezihambisana nenkolo eyingqayizivele yesikole zifundiswa yilezi zikole.


Sibhala izihloko ezizimele mayelana nokuhamba nokuhlala noma yikuphi kuwo wonke umuntu. Sikhuluma ngomsebenzi, ukufunda, ukuthutha, impilo, isikole, ukuhamba nokuthenga. Ababaleki kanye nabokufika bamukelekile!  

Uyafuna ukusiza ababaleki kanye nabokufika? Xhumana nathi or imeyli nathi ukuze uhlanganyele nathi. 

Uyafuna ukusibhalela izihloko ezifana nalesi? Xhumana nathi or imeyli nathi ukufaka isicelo. 

Uyawabona amaphutha kulesi sihloko? Sicela ushiye amazwana noma Xhumana nathi. Ngiyabonga!