Australia

I-Australia izwe elibusayo. Kuyaziwa nangokuthi yi-Commonwealth yase-Australia. Futhi iqukethe izwekazi, isiqhingi saseTasmania, neziqhingi ezahlukahlukene ezahlukahlukene. Yizwe elikhulu kunawo wonke e-Oceania. Futhi yizwe lesithupha ngobukhulu ngosayizi.
Futhi iyizwe elibaluleke kakhulu emhlabeni. Izakhamizi eziyizigidi ezingama-26 zingamadolobha amakhulu futhi zigxila ogwini olusempumalanga. Inhlokodolobha yase-Australia yiCanberra kanti iSydney yidolobha elikhulu kunawo wonke. IMelbourne, iBrisbane, iPerth ne-Adelaide ezinye zezindawo ezinkulu zamadolobha amakhulu.
Inendawo engamakhilomitha-skwele angama-7,617,930 (isikwele samamayela angama-2,941,300). Isizwe esiguqukayo ngobukhulu baso. Iqukethe amazwe anezingwadule entshonalanga.
Namahlathi emvula asezindaweni ezishisayo asenyakatho-mpumalanga nezintaba eziseNingizimu-mpumalanga. Inosayizi wamakhilomitha angama-3,000 4,300 futhi iyikhaya lesikwele samamayela angu-XNUMX.

Umnotho

 
I-Australia ichumile futhi inomnotho okhululekile. Imali engenayo ephezulu yomuntu ngamunye nezinga eliphansi lobuphofu.  
 
Ngo-2018, i-Australia yathatha iSwitzerland. Futhi kwaba yisizwe esinomcebo ophakathi nendawo. Izinga lobuphofu e-Australia lenyuke phakathi kuka-10.2% no-11.8%. Phakathi kweminyaka ka-2000/01 kanye no-2013.
ICredit Suisse Research Institute ibhale ohlwini lwe-Australia. Kubalwe leli lizwe njengomnotho ophakathi nendawo ngo-2013. Izwe lithathe ingcebo yesibili emhlabeni, ngemuva kweSwitzerland, ngo-2013.
I-Australia yisizwe sezomnotho esithuthuke kakhulu, se-14 emhlabeni.
Unomnotho ongenisa imali ephezulu, imali engenayo ye-10th ngomuntu ngamunye emhlabeni. Kungamandla wesifunda anemali esetshenzisiwe yeshumi nantathu yezempi emhlabeni.
 
Abafuduki bamele amaphesenti angama-30 enani labantu emhlabeni. Futhi inani eliphakeme kunanoma yiliphi izwe elinabantu abangaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-10.
Idola lase-Australia liyimali yezwe. I-Australian Securities Exchange isiphenduke indawo yesishiyagalolunye ngobukhulu emhlabeni. Ngokuhlanganiswa kwe-Australian Stock Exchange kanye neSydney Futures Exchange ngo-2006.
imali engamaphepha ehlukanisiwe
Kungumnotho we-14 ngobukhulu emhlabeni. Ibuye ibe ne-10th capita ephezulu kakhulu ye-GDP ishaya ama- $ 55,692. Kubuye kube okwesithupha ku-UN Human Development Index yowezi-2017. Futhi inehora lesine emhlabeni ngomuntu ngamunye kwi-Economist ka-4. Inamanani entengo aphansi kakhulu emhlabeni futhi ezinye zezikweletu zasekhaya eziphakeme kakhulu. Isikweletu salo hulumeni ezweni cishe siyi-A $ 2014 billion.
Uma ufuna ukwazi imininingwane yezindleko zokuphila eMelika, Ungahlola, lapha. Izokwazisa inguqulo eningiliziwe yalokho. Ukuze ukwazi ukuhlela ngokufanele.

Ulimi

IsiNgisi sase-Australia ukuhluka kwezilimi. Yilona limi oluvamile. Ngenkathi i-Australia ingenalo ulimi olusemthethweni, ulimi lwe-de facto yisiNgisi. Ukubalwa kwabantu kuka-2016 kukhombisa ukuthi abantu abangama-72.7% bakhulumile IsiNgisi njengolimi kuphela.
IsiMandarin (2.5%), isi-Arabhu (1.4%), isiCantonese (1.2%), isiViêtnamese (1.2%), nesiNtaliyane (1.2%) yizona ezilandelayo kakhulu izilimi ezivamile ezikhulunywa ezweni. Inani eliningi labafuduki besizukulwane sokuqala nesesibili babekhuluma izilimi ezimbili.

Isimo sezulu

Izwekazi elomile yi-Australia. Ngokuvamile yomile, ilahlekelwe kakhulu ukuhwamuka kanye nekhwalithi yemvula. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izakhamizi zingaqaphela kakhulu isimo sezulu kunabanye. Konke ngenxa yobukhulu bemvelo. Izimo ezikhona ezimpilweni zabantu abaningi nokubaluleka komsebenzi wokulima. Imvelo ayithathi ngokweqile ezimpilweni nasezingxoxweni zabantu.

Futhi uma uhlela uhambo oluya e-Australia. Kufanele uhlole ifayela le- isikhathi esihle sokuvakashela futhi okunye izindawo ezihamba phambili zokuvakasha. Senze imininingwaneuhlu oludidiyelwe lwakho konke lokhu. Hamba uyohlola okwethu iwebhusayithi. Ngiyethemba ukuthi iyakusebenzela.

Impilo

Isikhathi sokuphila e-Australia ngo-2010 sasingu-79. Iminyaka emihlanu kwabesilisa neminyaka engama-5 kwabesifazane. Ingumholi womhlaba wonke kumdlavuza wesikhumba. Futhi ukubhema ugwayi kuyimbangela yokufa kanye nezifo evikelekile. Ukubalwa kwamaphesenti ayi-84 wezinga lokufa kwabantu besilisa.
Isikhathi sokuphila sase-Australia njengesithathu emhlabeni jikelele kwabesifazane. Isikhathi sokuphila samadoda besiphakeme ngeyesithupha kwabesifazane. Kubuye kube ngama-35 ngenombolo enesisindo esikhuluphele ngokweqile noma sokukhuluphala ngokweqile. Cishe izingxenye ezimbili kwezintathu (amaphesenti angama-63) wabantu abadala emhlabeni. Inani labantu abadala abakhuluphele abakhuluphele ngokweqile likleliswe endaweni yesibili kokuvikeleka izimbangela.
 
Yethula ukunakekelwa kwayo kwezempilo emhlabeni wonke ngonyaka we-1975. Lokho kubuye kuxhaswe ngentela yeMedare (2%), eyaziwa nangokuthi yiMedicare levy. Manje iphatha izibhedlela ezihambisana nezinsizakalo zeziguli ezingaphandle.
I-Australia inokuningi okuyimfihlo izibhedlela ezweni lapho ezinye ziqhutshwa izinkampani ezizimele. Lapha sethula uhlu lwezibhedlela ezihamba phambili e-Australia. Abantu abavela kwamanye amazwe nabo kudingeka bakhethe izibhedlela ezizimele. Njengoba bengenakho ukufinyelela kuzinsizakalo zeMedicare ezitholakala mahhala noma ngezindleko ezixhaswayo.

Imfundo

Ngaphandle kwamanyuvesi, ohulumeni bezwe nabasekhaya bengamele zonke izici zemfundo. Uhulumeni uhlinzekela izifundazwe ngezimali zokuxhasa imfundo ephakeme. Uhulumeni kazwelonke futhi usungula izinqubomgomo nezincomo zohlelo.
 
Izinga eliyisisekelo lokuya esikoleni liphezulu. Yize e-Australia, kuphoqelekile ukuya esikoleni uneminyaka eyisithupha kuya kwengu-6 ubudala. Cishe eminyakeni emihlanu, iningi lezingane lingena ezikoleni zamabanga aphansi. Iminyaka emibili edlule ayiphoqelekile. Babalelwa ku-15 abafundi abaneminyaka engu-5. Futhi cishe iminyaka engama-78 iqeda iminyaka eyi-11. Ngonyaka wokugcina, inani labafundi liyahlukahluka. Kusuka ngaphansi kwama-34% eNyakatho Yendawo kuze kufike kuma-12% e-Australia.

I-Asylum

In Australia ukufuna ukukhoseliswa idinga umbaleki isimo. And futhi kufanele isicelo ngoba nokuvikeleka i-visa. Okokukhosela okunikezwe izakhamizi. Kufanele babe nesimo sababaleki. Faka isicelo sokukhoseliswa e-Australia. Abantu abavela ngaphandle kwe-Australia. Bangafaka isicelo kwi-United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Nabantu abase-Australia. Bangafaka isicelo kuMnyango Wezokufuduka.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu yokukhoseliswa, hlola lapha.

Inqubomgomo ye-Visa

Izinqubomgomo ze-visa zase-Australia zicacisa inqubo yesakhamuzi sangaphandle esifisa ukungena e-Australia. Ukwamukela imvume yokuhlala e-Australia. Futhi angakhipha i-visa kumuntu wakwelinye izwe ofuna ukungena e-Australia amalungelo athile. Njengelungelo lokusebenza, ukucwaninga, nabanye, ngokuya ngemibandela. Inqubomgomo ye-visa yase-Australia ifaka phakathi izidingo.

I-Australia igcine umbuso wama-visa womhlaba wonke kusukela ngo-1994. Kusho ukuthi bonke abangewona amaDolobha e-Australia kumele babe ne-visa. Kungaba ngenxa yesicelo noma njengomphumela ozenzakalelayo womthetho. Akukho ukungena okungenayo i-visa okwakulindelwe izwe ngalinye kusukela ngonyaka we-2015.

Ngokwemigomo Yezokufuduka, abanye abantu abangenayo inqubo ye-visa yase-Australia, abakhonjwe njengabaphethe i-visa esemthethweni.

Abaphathi bamaphasipoti abavela emazweni angamaLungu angama-36 e-ETA kanye namazwe neziphathimandla ezingama-34 ze-ETA. Amaphasiphothi avela emazweni angamalungu e-EU, kanye namazwe amane angamaLungu e-EFTA, e-UK, kanye namazwe amane ase-European microstatic nama-34 ETA.

Izakhamizi zaseNew Zealand ngokuya ngamalungiselelo ohambo nangaphansi kokwahlukaniswa okukhethekile kwe-Visa.
Abavakashi abaningi bafanelekela ukuthola ama-visa enhloso ekhethekile. Kakhulu xhuma kumabutho angaphandle kanye nohulumeni.